SOPHIA PATHWAYS Introduction to Psychology Smarter Decisions Through Psychology: The Brain and Human Development
Biological readiness occurs when __________.
A classical conditioning study examined dog behavior by pairing two
stimuli: the ringing of a bell and the presence of meat powder. By
following the ringing of the bell with food multiple times, a salivation
response was produced by just the ringing. This response lasted through
several cycles of not pairing the two stimuli, then ended.
Which of the following indicates the process of stopping a response when two stimuli are no longer paired?
Psychologists have long debated whether people are influenced more by
internal, biological factors or external factors which they experience
over the course of their lives.
This debate about developmental influences is referred to as which of the following?
The synapse is __________.
A consequence that is received by a subject as a result of a behavior, and which increases the likelihood of him or her repeating that behavior, is called which of the following?
The key word here is received. This would indicate a positive consequence. Any consequence that makes a behavior reoccur is a reinforcement.
Every time Sophie, a dog, sees a squirrel outside, she responds by barking.
Sophie seeing a squirrel is a(n) __________.
Which psychologist advanced the stages of cognitive development?
The occipital lobe controls __________.
Four-year-old Sally is learning to dress herself. When she began her
attempts, her father would tell her, “Good job,” after each step was
completed. Now that Sally has been practicing for a while, her father
tells her, “Good job,” when she is completely dressed.
The sequencing of the steps involved in dressing into one complete activity, with a reinforcer after the final step, is which of the following?
In response chaining, we learn to complete each step in sequence to complete the entire task. Once a step is easily accomplished, it is reinforced only when combined with the next step, and on and on until the entire task is considered one unit.
Which of the following statements best describes the pituitary gland?
The automatic reaction to stimuli is called __________.
At certain times during their development, people have an increased
sense of awareness and understanding of stimuli in the environment,
making learning easier.
These times are called which of the following?
As people learn and experience new things, their brains tend to change in order to accommodate this learning.
What is this called?
Neurons are reinforced or eliminated, depending upon the uses they are put to; in this way, our brains are plastic and changeable.